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Constitution of the Republic of Honduras

Constitution of the Republic of Honduras, 1982. With reforms to the Act 2 of 1999. 

Last updated / last update: February 1, 1999.
January 11, 1982


We, the deputies elected by the sovereign will of the Honduran people, gathered at the National Constituent Assembly, invoking the protection of God and the example of our forefathers, our faith in the restoration of Central American union and faithfully interpreting the aspirations of the people we gave its mandate, decree and ordain this Constitution to strengthen and perpetuate the rule of law to ensure a political society, economic and socially just claiming citizenship and the conditions conducive to the full realization of man as a human person, injustice, freedom, security, stability, pluralism, peace, representative democracy and the common good.


Article 1 .- Honduras is a rule of law, sovereign republic established as free, democratic and independent to ensure its inhabitants the enjoyment of justice, freedom, culture and economic and social welfare.
Article 2 .- The sovereignty of the people from whom emanate all branches of government are exercised by proxy.
The supplanting of popular sovereignty and the usurpation of the powers that are typified as crimes of treason. The responsibility in these cases is essential, and may be deducted automatically or on request of any citizen.
Article 3 .- No one should obey a usurper government or to assume those functions or public by force of arms or using means or procedures that violate or fail to recognize what the Constitution and the laws. Acts by such authorities is zero.people have the right to resort to insurrection in defense of constitutional order.
ARTICLE 4 .- The form of government is republican, democratic and representative. Is exercised by three branches: legislative, executive and judicial branches, independent and non-complementary and subordinate relationships.
The alternation in the office of President of the Republic is required.
Violation of this rule constitutes the crime of treason.
Article 5 .- The government must be based on the principle of participatory democracy which is derived from national integration, which involves participation of all political sectors in public administration to ensure and enhance the progress of Honduras based on political stability and national reconciliation.
ARTICLE 6 .- The official language of Honduras is Spanish. The State shall protect the purity and increase their teaching.
ARTICLE 7 .- The national symbols: the flag, emblem and anthem.
The law shall establish its characteristics and regulate its use.
Article 8 .- The cities of Tegucigalpa and Comayagüela together constitute the capital of the Republic.



.- The territory of Honduras is between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans and the republics of Guatemala, El Salvador and Nicaragua. Its boundaries with the republics are:

1. With the Republic of Guatemala, those appointed by the arbitral award issued in Washington, DC, United States of America, January 23 of 1933.

2. With the Republic of Nicaragua, the Joint Commission established by the Honduran-Nicaraguan Boundary in the years 1900 and 1900 one, according to descriptions of the first section of the line, which appears in the second act of June 121900 and subsequent, to the Portillo de Teotecacinte and this place to the Atlantic Ocean to the arbitral award rendered towards His Majesty the King of Spain, Alfonso XIII, on 23 December of nineteen hundred and six whose validity was declared International Court of Justice in its decision of November 18 of 1960.

3. With the Republic of El Salvador established in Articles diez sixteen and seven of the General Treaty of Peace signed in Lima, Peru on October 30 of 1980, the instruments of ratification were exchanged in Tegucigalpa, Distrito Central, Honduras the tenth day of December 1980. In the remaining sections of quotes are generally subject to the provisions of Articles in the Treaty of reference.

Article 10 .- Honduras belong to the territories situated on land within its territorial limits, waters and islands, islets and cays in the Gulf of Fonseca that historically, geographically and legally incumbent and the Bay Islands, Swan Islands (Swan Islands) also called Santanilla or Santillana, Virillos, Seal and seal (or calf), Caratasca Drawers or hobbies, Over False Cape, Cocorocuma, Palo de Campeche, The Netherlands Pigeons, Media Luna, Gorda and Salmedina Banks, providence, De Coral, Cabo Falso, Rosalinda and Serranilla, and the other located in the Atlantic that historically, geographically and legally incumbent.
The Gulf of Fonseca may be subject to special rules.

Article 11 .- also belong to the State of Honduras:

1. Territorial sea, whose breadth is twelve nautical miles measured from the lowest tide line along the coast;

2. The area contiguous to its territorial sea, extending up to twenty-four nautical miles measured from the baseline from which the breadth of the territorial sea;

3. The exclusive economic zone, extending up to two hundred nautical miles from the baseline from which the breadth of the territorial sea;

4. The continental shelf, which comprises the seabed and subsoil of submarine areas that extend beyond its territorial sea throughout the natural prolongation of its land territory to the outer edge of continental margin or to a distance two hundred nautical miles from the baseline from which the breadth of the territorial sea where the outer edge of the continental margin does not reach that distance, and

5. As the Pacific Ocean all the above measures are counted from the closing line of the mouth of the Gulf of Fonseca, to the sea.

Article 12 .- The State exercises sovereignty and jurisdiction over the airspace and in the sub-soil of the mainland and islands, territorial sea, contiguous zone, exclusive economic zone and continental shelf.
This statement does not deny legitimate sovereignty of other States similar rights on the basis of reciprocity or affect the rights of free navigation of all nations under international law nor the implementation of treaties or conventions ratified by the Republic.

Article 13 .- In the cases referred to previous articles, the domain is inalienable and indefeasible.

Article 14 .- Foreign States may acquire in the territory of the Republic, on a reciprocal basis, the property necessary for their diplomatic headquarters, without prejudice to the established international treaties.



Article 15
.- Honduras endorses the principles and practices of international law, which promote human solidarity, respect for self-determination of peoples, non-intervention and the strengthening of peace and universal democracy.
Honduras proclaims the validity and obligatory execution of arbitral and judicial international.

Article 16 .- All international treaties must be approved by Congress before their ratification by the Executive.
The international treaties signed by Honduras with other states, once they enter into force, are part of domestic law.

Article 17 .- Where an international treaty affects a constitutional provision must be approved by the same procedure governing the amendment of the Constitution before being ratified by the Executive.

Article 18 .- In case of conflict between a treaty or convention and the law prevail.

Article 19 .- No authority may conclude or ratify treaties or concessions that violate the territorial integrity, sovereignty and independence of the Republic.
Whoever does that will be tried for the crime of treason. The responsibility here is inalienable.

Article 20 .- Any treaty or convention entered into by the executive branch concerning the national territory, will require congressional approval by vote of not less than three-quarters of all its members.

Article 21 .- The Government may, on matters within its exclusive jurisdiction, conclude or ratify international agreements with foreign states or international organizations or accede to them without the prerequisite for congressional approval, which shall report immediately.



Of Hondurans

Article22 .- Honduran nationality is acquired by birth and naturalization.

Article 23 .- The Honduran by birth:

1. Those born in the country, with the exception of children of diplomatic agents;
2. The foreign-born parent Hondurans by birth;
3. Those born on board vessels or aircraft of war Honduran-born and merchant ships are in territorial waters of Honduras, and
4. The infant of unknown parents found in the territory of Honduras.

Article 24 .- are Hondurans by naturalization:
1. The American by birth who have one year of residence in the country;
2. The Spanish and Latin American by birth who have two consecutive years of residence in the country.
3. Other foreigners who have resided in the country more than three consecutive years;
4. Those who obtain a certificate of naturalization enacted by Congress for extraordinary services to Honduras;
5. Immigrants joining bands brought by the government selected for scientific, agricultural and industrial after a year of living in the country meet the requirements of law and,
6. A foreigner married to Honduran by birth.
In the cases referred to in paragraphs 1, 2, 3, 5 and 6, the applicant must first renounce their nationality and express their desire to opt for Honduran nationals to the competent authority.
When there is no treaty on dual citizenship, the Honduran foreign national chooses to not lose the Honduran. In similar circumstances abroad will be required to renounce their original nationality.

Article 25 .- While residing in Honduras no Honduran nationality by birth may invoke different from Honduras.

Article 26 .- No naturalized Honduran can play in their country of origin, official functions on behalf of Honduras.

Article27 .- Neither marriage nor its dissolution affect the nationality of the spouses or their children.

Article 28 .- The Honduran nationality is lost:
1. By naturalization in a foreign country and,
2. Cancellation of the certificate of naturalization, in accordance with the law

Article 29 .- The Honduran nationality by birth is retrieved when that has lost is domiciled in the territory of the Republic and declare their will to recover.


Article 30 .- Foreigners are forced from their entry into the country to respect the authorities and law enforcement.

Article 31 .- Foreigners enjoy the same civil rights of Hondurans under restrictions for qualified reasons of public order, security interest or convenience established by law.
Foreigners are also subject to the same charges ordinary and extraordinary general that Hondurans are required, in accordance with the law

Article 32 .- The foreign country may develop in the political activities of national or international, on pain of punishment in accordance with the law
Article 33 .- Foreigners can not make any claim or demand compensation from the State but on how and where that might do the Hondurans.
May not resort to diplomatic channels, but in cases of denial of justice. To this effect does not mean denial of justice that a decision is unfavorable to the claimant. Those who contravene this provision will lose the right to live in the country.
Article 34 .- Foreigners can only, within the limits established by law, fill jobs in science education and the arts and provide the State technical or advisory services, where there Hondurans who can play such employment or provide such services.
Article 35 .- The immigration is subject to the social, political, economic and demographic in the country.
The law shall establish the requirements, fees and conditions for the entry of immigrants into the country, as well as prohibitions, limitations and penalties to be observed by foreigners.



Article 36 .- They are all Honduran citizens over eighteen years.
Article 37 .- The rights of the citizen:
1. Elect and be elected;
2. Eligible for public office;
3. Associate together to form political parties or give them input, and
4. All others will recognize the Constitution and laws.
Citizens registered in the Armed Forces and Security Forces of the State may not exercise the vote, but will be eligible in cases not prohibited by law
Article 38 .- All Honduras is forced to defend his country, respect the authorities and contribute to the moral and material support of the nation.
Article 39 .- All Honduran must be registered on the National Register of Persons.
Article 40 .- The duties of the citizen:
1. Comply with, uphold and ensure that compliance with the Constitution and laws;
2. Get your ID Card;
3. Vote;
4. Perform, unless excused or resignation for cause, the elected office;
5. Serve in the military, and
6. Other established by the Constitution and laws.

Article 41 A.- The quality of the city is suspended
1. By order of imprisonment ordered by a crime that merits greater punishment;
2. On the final sentence, handed down for a crime, and
3. By injunction.

Article 42 .- The status of citizenship is lost:
1. For serving in wartime enemies or their allies Honduras;
2. By providing help against the State of Honduras, an alien or a foreign government in any diplomatic claim or before an international tribunal;
3. Play in the country, without the permission of Congress, use of foreign nation, the military branch or political;
4. By restricting the freedom to vote, ballot papers or use tamper fraudulent means to circumvent the popular will;
5. To incite, encourage or support the continuity or re-election of President of the Republic and,
6. For Hondurans reside naturalized for more than two consecutive years abroad without prior authorization from the Executive.
In the cases referred to in paragraphs 1) and 2) the declaration of loss of citizenship will make the National Congress through circumstantial case to be formed for this purpose. For the cases of paragraphs 3) and 6), that statement will make the Executive by Government Agreement, and for cases of paragraphs 4) and 5) also governmental agreement upon conviction handed down by the courts.
Article 43 .- The status of citizenship is restored:
1. Confirmed by dismissal;
2. In a ruling signed acquittal;
3. By amnesty or pardon, and,
4. On completion of sentence.



Article 44 .- Voting is a right and a public function.
The vote is universal, obligatory, egalitarian, direct, free and secret.
Article 45 .- be punishable by any act which is prohibited or limited the participation of citizens in political life.
Article 46 It adopts the system of proportional representation or majority in the cases determined by law for elected state office candidates for popular election.
Article 47 .- The registered political parties are institutions of public law, whose existence and free operation guaranteed by this Constitution and the law, to ensure the effective participation of the citizens.
ARTICLE 48 .- It prohibits political parties attacking the republican, democratic and representative government.
Article 49 .- The State shall contribute to the expenses of the parties, in accordance with the law
Article 50 .- The political parties may not receive grants or subsidies from governments, organizations or foreign institutions.



Article 51 .- For all matters relating to electoral acts and procedures will be a National Elections Tribunal, autonomous and independent, have jurisdiction throughout the Republic, whose organization and operation shall be established by this Constitution and the Law, which shall also as regards the other electoral bodies.
Article 52 .- The integration of the National Election Tribunal shall be by appointment issued by the executive branch, through the Ministry of Interior and Justice, as follows:
1) An owner and an alternate appointed by the Supreme Court.
2) An owner and an alternate appointed by each registered political parties.
If by reason of varying the number of parties entitled to appoint a member of the National Electoral Court, full of it will stay up for an even number, the Executive, the nomination of the Supreme Court, immediately appoint an additional member , in a way that the total membership is always odd.
Article 53 .- The President of the National Election Tribunal shall be held for a year, and on a rotating basis by each of the regular members in it.
Article 54 .- Create the National Registry of Persons as a State agency, based in the capital of the Republic, jurisdiction throughout the national territory, under the National Electoral Court, which appointed its Director and Deputy Director.
Article 55 .- The National Registry of Persons in addition to the functions assigned to him by the Special Law, is the state agency in charge of the Civil Registry, to extend single identity card to all Hondurans and automatically produce and exclusivelyThe National Voter.
Article 56 .- The National Voter is public, permanent and unalterable. The registration of citizens, as well as changes occurring by death, neighborhood change, suspension, loss or restoration of citizenship be verified in the time and manner determined by law
Article 57 .- The criminal action for electoral crimes is established by public law and prescribes in four years.
Article 58 .- The ordinary courts, regardless of privileges, known for electoral crimes and misdemeanors.


Article 59 .- The human person is the supreme end of society and the state.
Everyone has a duty to respect and protect. The human dignity is inviolable. To ensure the rights and freedoms recognized by this Constitution, believe the office of National Commissioner for Human Rights. The organization, the prerogative and powers of the National Commissioner for Human Rights will be a special law.
(Amended by Decree 2 of 1995)
Article 60 .- All men are born free and equal in rights.
In Honduras there are no privileged classes. All Hondurans are equal before the law
Be punishable any discrimination on grounds of sex, race, class or any other offense against human dignity.
The law shall establish the crimes and penalties for violators of this provision.
Article 61 .- The Constitution guarantees the Hondurans and foreigners living in the country, the inviolability of life, personal security, liberty, equality before the law and property.
Article 62 .- The rights of man are limited by the rights of others, for the safety of all and by the just demands of the general welfare and advancement of democracy.
Article 63 .- The declarations, rights and guarantees listed in this Constitution shall not be construed as a denial of other claims, rights and guarantees not specified, which emanate from the sovereignty of the republican, democratic and representative government and dignity
Article 64 .- Do not apply laws and governmental or other nature, governing the exercise of declarations, rights and guarantees established in this Constitution, if they diminish, restrict or distort. 



Article 65 .- The right to life is inviolable.
ARTICLE 66 .- It is prohibited the death penalty.
Article 67 .- At the unborn is considered born for all that he favors within the limits set by law
Article68 .- Everyone has the right to respect for their physical, mental and moral.
No one should be subjected to torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment.
All persons deprived of liberty shall be treated with respect for the inherent dignity of the human.
Article 69 .- Personal freedom is inviolable and only in accordance with the laws could be restricted or suspended.
ARTICLE 70 .- All the Hondurans have the right to do whatever does not harm others and no one is obliged to do what is not legally barred or prevented from executing what the law does not prohibit.
No one may take the law into their own, or violence to claim their right.
No personal service is required, and should be given freely, but under law or sentence based on law
Article 71 .- No person may be detained and held incommunicado for more than twenty-four hours without being brought to the order of competent authority for trial.
Courts to inquire into the detention may not exceed six days from the time it occurs.
Article 72 .- It is freedom to express views through any media without prior censorship.
They are accountable to the law who abuse this right and those who direct or indirect means to restrict or impede the communication and circulation of ideas and opinions.
Article 73 .- The printing presses, electric radio stations, television and other means of transmission and dissemination of ideas and all its components, may be seized or confiscated or closed down or stop working because of
an offense in the dissemination of ideas without prejudice to the responsibilities incurred by these complaints under the Act
No company dissemination of ideas may receive grants from governments or foreign political parties.
The law shall establish the corresponding penalty for the violation of this provision.
The direction of print newspapers, radio and television, and the intellectual, political and administrative thereof, shall be exercised exclusively by Hondurans by birth.
Article 74 .- You can not restrict the right to express opinions by indirect means, such as the abuse of government or particular material used for printing newspapers; of frequencies or equipment or apparatus used to disseminate
Article 75 .- The law governing the issuance of thought, may establish prior censorship to protect the ethical and cultural values of society and the rights of individuals, especially children, adolescents and youth.
Commercial advertising of alcohol and snuff consumption is regulated by law
Article 76 .- The right to honor, privacy, family and image.
Article 77 .- guarantees the free exercise of all religions and cults without precedence, provided they do not contravene the laws and public order.
The ministers of different religions, may not hold public office or engage in any form of political propaganda, on grounds of religion or using as a means to that end, the people's religious beliefs.
Article 78 .- The guarantee of freedom of association and assembly, provided they are not contrary to public order and morality.
Article 79 .- Everyone has the right to meet with others peacefully and unarmed, in a public demonstration or gathering, in relation to their common interest of any nature, without warning or special permission.
The outdoor gatherings and political in nature may be subject to a special permit system for the sole purpose of ensuring public order.
Article 80 .- Any person or association of persons has the right to submit petitions to the authorities either for particular or general interest and to obtain a prompt response within the statutory period.
Article 81 .- Everyone has the right to move freely, leave, enter and remain in the country.
Nobody can be forced to change his domicile or residence except in special cases and the requirements that the law says.
Article 82 .- The right of defense is inviolable.
The inhabitants of the Republic have free access to the courts to exercise their actions in the manner indicated by law.
Article 83 .- The State must appoint attorneys to defend the poor and to ensure people and interests of minors and incompetents.Give them legal advice and represent them in court in defense of individual freedom and other rights.
Article 84 .- No one shall be arrested or detained under written order of a competent authority issued to the legal formalities and for reasons previously set out in the Act
However, the offender in "flagrante delicto may be apprehended by any person for the sole purpose of delivery to the authority.
The arrested or detained must be informed immediately and clearly of their rights and the facts against him, and also enable the authority to communicate their arrest Be a relative or person of your choice.
Article 85 .- No person may be detained or imprisoned except in the places determined by law
Article 86 .- Any person subject to trial, who is being detained is entitled to remain separate from those who have been convicted by court order.
Article 87 .- The prisons are institutions of social security and defense.
Be sought in them the prisoner's rehabilitation and preparation for work.
Article 88 .- No violence or coercion of any kind against people to force them or testify.
Nobody can be forced in a matter-criminal, disciplinary or police to testify against himself, against a spouse or domestic partner, not against their relatives within the fourth degree of consanguinity or second degree.
Will only prove the statement made before a competent judge.
Any statement obtained in violation of any of these provisions is void and those responsible will incur penalties prescribed by law.
ARTICLE 89 .- Every person is innocent until declared its responsibility for authority.
Article 90 .- No one shall be tried except by a competent court with the formalities, duties and guarantees that the law provides.
Recognizes the jurisdiction of war crimes and misdemeanors of a military.
Under no circumstances may military courts have jurisdiction over persons not on active duty in the Armed Forces.
Article 91 .- When a crime or lack of a military person was involved a civilian or military low, the case the competent authority of common law.
Article 92 .- No arrest warrant may be provided without fully appropriate if committed a crime or a crime that merits the penalty of deprivation of liberty, and without it being prima facie whoever the perpetrator.
In the same way will the declaration of defendant.
Article 93 .- Even with arrest warrant, any person may be taken to prison or detained in it, if given sufficient security in accordance with the law
Article 94 .- In no penalty shall be imposed without first having been heard and convicted in court, and without that has been imposed by decision rendered by a court or competent authority.
In cases of urgency and other measures of the same nature in civil or labor, as well as the fine or detention in police matters should always be the affected ear.
Article 95 .- No person shall be punishable by not previously established by law, nor be tried again for the same prior offenses that led to prosecutions.
Article 96 .- The Act is not retroactive except in criminal matters when the new law favors the criminal or processed.
Article 97 .- No one shall be condemned to degrading punishment prohibited or confiscatory.
It provides a penalty of imprisonment for life. The criminal law will determine your application for those crimes whose commission in serious circumstances, offensive and degrading, which cause impact shock, denial, anger and disgust in the national community. The custodial penbas for misdemeanors and accumulated for several offenses are set out under Penal Law.
(Amended by Decree 258 of 1998)
Article 98 .- No person shall be detained, arrested or imprisoned for obligations not coming from crime or misdemeanorConstitution of honduras in english.docx.
Article 99 .- The home is inviolable.
No entry or search may be verified without the consent of the person who lives or resolution of competent authority. However, it can be searched, in case of emergency, to prevent the commission or impunity for crimes or to prevent serious harm to the person or property.
Except for emergencies, to search the homes can not be tested at six in the evening at six o'clock, without incurring liability.
The law shall determine the requirements and formalities to take place the admission, registration or search, and the liability you may incur a ride out.
Article 100 .- Any person has the right to the inviolability and secrecy of communications, particularly regarding postal, telegraphic and telephonic communications, except a judicial decision.
The books and records of traders and personal documents, are only subject to inspection or supervision of the competent authority under the Act
Communications, books, records and documents referred to in this article, as may be violated or subtracted, no validity in court.
In any case, always keep the secret for purely private matters unrelated to the subject matter of the action of the authority.
ARTICLE 101 .- Honduras recognizes the right of asylum in such form and manner established by law
When procediere under the Act to revoke or not to grant asylum, under no circumstances will expel the asylum or political persecution, the State's territory they can claim.
The State does not authorize the extradition of criminals for political and related common crimes.
Article 102 .- No Honduran may be expatriated or delivered by the authorities to a foreign state.
Article 103 .- The State recognizes, promotes and ensures the existence of private property in its broadest concept of social function and no limitations other than those based on need or public interest established by law
Article 104 .- The right of property does not harm the state's eminent domain.
Article 105 .- prohibits confiscation of property.
The property can not be limited in any way because of political crime.
The right to claim the confiscated property is inalienable.
Article 106 .- No one shall be deprived of his possessions except in the public interest need or qualified by law or by decision based on law, and without a prior compensation appraised value.
In case of war or internal disturbance, it is essential that compensation be made in advance, but the payment shall be made not later than two years after completion of the state of emergency.
Article 107 .- The state land, communal ejido or private property located on the border to neighboring states or on the coast of both seas, extending forty miles into the country, and island
, cays, reefs, breakwaters, rocks, Sirte and sand banks, may only be acquired or owned or held under any title by Hondurans by birth, by companies incorporated in its entirety by Honduran partners and state institutions under penalty of nullity the respective act or contract.
The acquisition of urban property within the limits indicated in the preceding paragraph shall be subject to special legislation.
Registrars are prohibited from the property registration documents that contravene these provisions.
Article 108 .- Any author, inventor, producer or trader shall enjoy exclusive ownership of his work, invention, trademark or trade name under the Act
ARTICLE 109 A.- The taxes are not confiscatory.
Nobody is obliged to pay taxes and other charges have not been legally enacted by Congress, in regular session.
No authorities apply provisions in contravention of this provision without incurring liability determined by law
Article 110 .- Any individual who has the freedom to administer their property, may be denied the right to terminate their civil affairs transaction or arbitration. 



Article111 .- The family, marriage, motherhood and childhood are under state protection.
Article 112 .- The right of men and women to marry, and legal equality of spouses.
Only valid civil marriage celebrated before a competent officer and the conditions required by law
It recognizes de facto unions between persons legally capases marriage.
The law shall stipulate the conditions for it to take the effects of civil marriage.
Article 113 .- recognize divorce as a means of dissolution of marriage.
The law shall regulate their causes and effects.
Article 114 .- All children have the same rights and duties.
No qualifications are recognized on the nature of parenthood.
In any records or documents relating to parentage shall contain a statement noting the difference in birth or marital status of parents.
Article 115 .- The authorized investigation of paternity.
The law shall determine the procedure.
Article 116 .- The right of adoption.
The law shall regulate the institution.
Article 117 .- The elderly deserve special protection from the state.
Article 118 .- The homestead shall be subject to special legislation that protects and promotes. 



Article 119 .- The State has an obligation to protect children.
Children shall enjoy the protection provided by international agreements which safeguard their rights.
The laws of child protection are public and official establishments for this purpose has the character of social welfare centers.
ARTICLE 120 .- The minors, physically or mentally handicapped, the irregular behavior, orphans and abandoned children are subject to special legislation for rehabilitation, safety and protection as appropriate.
Article 121 .- The parents are obliged to support, assist and educate their children during minority, and in other cases in which law is applicable.
The State shall provide special protection to minors whose parents or guardians are unable financially to provide for their upbringing.
These parents or guardians shall have preference for public office in the same circumstances of suitability.
Article 122 .- The law shall establish the jurisdiction and special courts that have jurisdiction over family matters and juvenile matters.
Not allow the entry of a child under eighteen years to a jail or prison.
Article 123 .- Every child shall enjoy the benefits of social security and education.
Entitled to grow and develop in health, to which must be provided both to him and to his mother, special care from the prenatal period, with the right to adequate nutrition, housing, education, recreation, sports and medical services.
Article 124 .- All children must be protected against all forms of neglect, cruelty and exploitation.
Will not undergo any treatment.
You should not work before an appropriate minimum age, or permitted to engage in any occupation or employment which would prejudice his health, education, or interfere with his physical, mental or moral.
Prohibiting the use of children by their parents and others for acts of begging.
The law shall stipulate the penalties for those who engage in the violation of this provision.
Article 125 .- The media should cooperate in training and education of the child.
Article 126 .- Every child should in all circumstances be among the first to receive relief, protection and relief. 



Article 127 .- Any person has the right to work, to freely choose their occupation and give it up, to just and favorable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment.
Article 128 .- The laws governing relations between employers and employees are public.
The acts are invalid, stipulations or agreements that involve the waiver, compromise, restrict or distort the following guarantees:
The normal working day shift shall not exceed eight hours a day, or forty-four a week.
Regular night shift work shall not exceed six hours a day, or thirty-six a week.
The mixed normal working day shall not exceed seven hours per day or forty-two a week.
All these days are remunerated with a salary equal to forty-eight hours.
The remuneration of overtime work will be done according to what the law provides
These provisions do not apply in cases of emergency, highly skilled, stipulated by law.
A no worker may require the performance of tasks that extend more than twelve hours in each successive twenty-four hour period, except for cases which the law
A equal pay for equal work without discrimination, provided that the job, hours and conditions of efficiency and service time are also equal.
Wages shall be paid with legal tender.
The claims by workers for wages, allowances and other benefits, are uniquely privileged in accordance with the law
Every worker has the right to earn a minimum wage, fixed periodically with government intervention, employers and workers enough to meet the normal requirements of their home, in their material and cultural basis of the procedures for each job, the special conditions of each region and each work, the cost of living, the relative fitness of workers and reward systems of companies.
Also fix a minimum wage is professional in those activities that it was not covered by a contract or collective agreement.
The minimum wage is exempt from attachment, compensation and allowances, except as provided by law the basis of family responsibilities and worker's union.
The employer is obliged to comply with and enforce on the premises of their establishments, the laws on hygiene and sanitation, taking appropriate safety measures at work, to the prevention of occupational hazards and ensure the physical and mental workers.
Under the same pension scheme are subject farm employers, be established for special protection of women and children.
All children under sixteen years and who have reached that age and education are still left under national law may not be employed in any work.
However, the labor authorities may authorize the occupation when they consider indispensable to the survival of themselves, their parents or siblings and where not impossible to comply with compulsory education.
For those under seventeen hours of work that must be daytime, not exceeding thirty-six hours or a week in any job.
The employee will be entitled to each year of paid vacation time, duration and time will be regulated by law
In any case, the worker is entitled to the cash payment of rental due and proportionate for the period worked.
The leave may be compensated by money, or collect, and the employer is obliged to grant the worker and enjoy them.
The law shall regulate these obligations and must identify exceptional cases allowed to accumulate and make holiday.
Workers are entitled to paid leave on public holidays stipulated by law will determine the kind of work that this provision shall not apply but in these cases, employees are entitled to extra remuneration.
It recognizes the right of workers to pay the seventh day, the permanent workers will also receive payment of the thirteenth month in the form of bonuses. The law shall regulate the procedure and manner of application of these provisions.
Women have the right to rest before and after delivery, without losing his job or his salary. In the period of lactation is entitled to a rest day to breastfeed their children. An employer may not terminate the contract of employment of women pregnant or after delivery, without checking a just cause before a competent court in the cases and conditions stipulated by law
Employers are required to compensate the worker for work accidents and occupational diseases in accordance with the law
The right to strike and strike. The law shall regulate the exercise and may submit to special restrictions on public services to be determined.
Workers and employers are entitled by law to associate freely for the sole purpose of economic and social activity, organizing unions or professional associations.
The state safeguards the individual contracts and collective agreements between employers and workers.
Article 129 .- The law guarantees the stability of workers in their jobs, according to the characteristics of industries and professions and the just causes of separation.
When unfair dismissal takes effect and firm conviction that it is exist, the worker is entitled to his election to a remuneration for lost wages by way of damages, compensation and legal and conventionally provided: or that will return to work with the recognition of unpaid wages, by way of damages.
ARTICLE 130 .- recognizes a homeworker legal status similar to that of other workers taking account of the particularities of their work.
Article 131 .- Domestic workers are covered by social legislation.
Those providing services of a home in industrial, commercial, social or similar activities shall be considered as manual workers and have the rights to them.
Article 132 .- The law shall regulate the engagement of workers in agriculture, livestock and forestry, land transport, air, sea and inland waterways and railways of the oil and mining, trade employees and the
those that occur within particular ways.
Article 133 .- The independent intellectual workers and the results of their activity to be subject of protective legislation.
Article 134 .- remain under the jurisdiction of the work, all legal disputes arising in relations between employers and workers.The law shall establish the rules for that jurisdiction and the agencies have to implement them.
Article 135 .- The labor laws are inspired by the harmony between capital and labor as factors of production.
The State shall protect the rights of workers, while protecting the capital and the employer.
Article 136 .- An employee may participate in the profits or benefits from your employer, but never assume the risks or losses.
Article 137 .- being equal, the Honduran workers will be given preference over foreign workers.
It prohibits employers employ less than ninety percent of Honduran workers and pay them less than eighty-five percent of total wages earned in their respective companies.
Both ratios can be modified in exceptional cases determined by law.
ARTICLE 138 .- In order to make the guarantees and labor laws, the State monitor and inspect the companies, imposing sanctions if established by law
Article 139 .- The State has an obligation to promote, organize and regulate the conciliation and arbitration for the peaceful settlement of disputes.
ARTICLE 140 .- The State shall encourage vocational and technical training of workers.
Article 141 .- The law shall determine the employers who in the amount of capital or the number of their employees, are obliged to provide them and their families, educational services, health, housing or otherwise. 



Article 142 .- Any person has the right to security of their means of subsistence in case of incapacity to work or obtain gainful employment.
Social Security services will be provided and administered by the Social Security Institute to cover sickness, maternity, family allowance, old age, orphan, lockouts, accidents, unemployment proven, occupational diseases and all other contingenciesaffecting the ability to produce.
The State shall Institutions and Social Assistance will work unified in a unitary state with input from all stakeholders and the State.
Article 143 .- The State, employers and workers, shall contribute to financing, improvement and expansion of Social Security.
The social security scheme will be implemented gradually and progressively, both in terms of risks covered and the geographical areas and categories of workers covered.
Article 144 .- It is considered of public utility extending the social security scheme for workers in the city and countryside. 



Article 145 .- The right to health protection.
The duty of everyone to participate in the promotion and preservation of health staff and community.
The State shall retain the right environment to protect the health of people.
Article 146 .- up to the State through its agencies and other bodies set up in accordance with the law, regulation, supervision and control of foodstuffs, chemicals, pharmaceuticals and biologicals.
Article 147 .- The law shall regulate the production, trafficking, possession, gift, use and marketing of psychotropic drugs that may only be targeted at health care facilities and scientific experiments under the supervision of the competent authority.
Article 148 .- Create the Honduran Institute for the Welfare of Alcoholism and Drug Addiction, which is governed by a special law.
ARTICLE 149 .- The Executive Branch through the Ministry of Public Health and Welfare, will coordinate all public activities and decentralized agencies of the sector through a national health plan, which will give priority to the most
For the State supervision of private health activities according to law.
ARTICLE 150 .- The Executive Power will promote programs to improve the nutritional status of Hondurans. 



Article 151 .- The education is an essential function of State for conservation, promotion and dissemination of culture, which will project their benefits to society without discrimination of any kind.
National education is secular and will build on the basic principles of democracy, inculcate and foster in students Honduran deep feelings and should be linked directly to the process of economic and social development.
Article 152 .- Parents have a prior right to choose the kind of education that must give their children.
Article 153 .- The State has an obligation to develop basic education of the people, creating the effect the necessary administrative and technical agencies directly under the Secretary of State for Public Education.
Article 154 .- The eradication of illiteracy is a fundamental task of the state.
It is the duty of all Hondurans to cooperate to achieve this end,
Article 155 .- The State recognizes and protects the freedom of research, learning and academic.
Article 156 .- The levels of formal education, will be determined in the respective law, except the top level corresponding to the National Autonomous University of Honduras.
Article 157 .- The education at all levels of formal education system, except the top level will be authorized, organized, directed and supervised exclusively by the executive branch through the Ministry of Education, which administer the system centers
that are completely financed by public funds.
Article 158 .- No school may offer lower-quality knowledge to the level it deserves under the Act
Article 159 .- The Ministry of Education and the National Autonomous University of Honduras, without impairing their respective competence, shall take the necessary measures for the general planning of national education is integrated into a coherent system, so that
learners respond adequately to the needs of higher education.
Article 160 .- The National Autonomous University of Honduras is an autonomous institution of the state, with legal personality, enjoys exclusive to organize, manage and develop the higher and vocational education.
Contribute to scientific research, humanistic and technological, to the general diffusion of culture and the study of national problems. Must schedule your participation in the transformation of Honduran society.
The Act and its statutes shall its organization, functioning and powers.
For the creation and operation of private universities will be issued a special law in accordance with the principles established by this Constitution.
Only valid official academic titles awarded by the National Autonomous University of Honduras as well as those granted by private universities and foreign, all recognized by the National Autonomous University of Honduras.
The National Autonomous University of Honduras has sole authority to decide on the additions of professionals who graduated from foreign universities.
Only persons who hold valid title may exercise professional activities.
The titles that do not have a university and the granting of which corresponds to the executive branch have legal validity.
Article 161 .- The State shall contribute to the maintenance, development and enhancement of the National Autonomous University of Honduras, with an annual custodial allocation of not less than six percent of the net Revenue Budget of the Republic, excluding loans and donations.
The National Autonomous University is exempt from all taxes and contributions.
Article 162 .- For the purpose of information and training, teaching has a social and humane educator determined to scientific and moral responsibilities in front of his disciples, the institution that I work and society.
Article 163 .- The training of teachers is a function and responsibility of the State, shall be deemed as a teacher who manages, organizes, directs, imparts or supervises educational work and supporting the Teaching profession.
Article 164 .- in-service teachers in primary schools shall be exempt from all taxation on the salaries they earn and the amount subsequently collected on concepts of retirement.
Article 165 .- The law guarantees the professional practice of teaching your job stability, a standard of living commensurate with their lofty mission and a fair retirement.
Staff will be issued for Honduran Teachers.
Article 166 .- Any natural or legal person is entitled to establish schools in compliance with the Constitution and the law.
Working relationships between teachers and owner of the private institutions are governed by the laws of education, without prejudice to the benefits arising out of the labor law.
Article 167 .- Owners of farms, factories and other production centers in rural areas, are required to establish or maintain schools of basic education for the benefit of the children of permanent workers, provided that the number of school children exceed
thirty-border areas exceed twenty.
Article 168 .- The teaching of the Constitution of the Republic, the national history and geography, is mandatory and will be in charge of Honduran professionals.
Article 169 .- The State shall maintain and promote education for the disabled.
Article 170 .- The State shall support the development of school education through libraries, cultural centers and all forms of media.
Article 171 .- The formal education provided is free and basic education shall also compulsory and fully funded by the state.The State shall establish mechanisms of compulsion to enforce this provision.
Article 172 .- Any wealth of anthropological, archaeological, historical and artistic Honduras is part of the cultural heritage of the nation.
The law shall establish standards as a basis for conservation, restoration, maintenance and restoration, where appropriate.
It is the duty of all Hondurans to ensure its conservation and prevent their removal.
The sites of natural beauty, monuments and areas reserved shall be under State protection.
Article 173 .- The State shall preserve and encourage indigenous cultures and the genuine expressions of national folklore, folk art and crafts.
Article 174 .- The State shall promote the hobby and exercise of physical culture and sports.
Article 175 .- The State shall promote and support the diffusion of production of domestic and foreign authors as legitimate philosophical creations, scientific or literary contribute to national development.
Article 176 .- The mass media are state in the service of education and culture.
The private media are obliged to contribute to achieving these goals.
Article 177 .- establishes the compulsory professional associations.
The law shall regulate the organization and operation.



Article 178 .- It recognizes the right of Honduran decent housing.The State shall formulate and implement programs of social housing.
The law shall regulate the leasing of housing and local, urban land use and construction, in accordance with the general interest.
Article 179 .- The State shall promote, support and regulate the development of systems and mechanisms for the use of internal and external resources to be channeled toward solving the housing problem.
Article 180 .- The appropriations and internal or external loans that the state get for living purposes shall be regulated by law for the end user of the credit.
Article 181 .- Create the "Social Housing Fund, whose purpose will be to develop housing in urban and rural areas.
A special law shall regulate the organization and operation. 


Article 182 .- The State recognizes the guarantee of Habeas Corpus or Habeas Corpus.
And therefore, any person aggrieved or any other on its behalf has the right to promote:
When you are unlawfully imprisoned, detained or restrained in any way in the enjoyment of individual liberty, and
When legal arrest or detention shall apply to the arrest or detention, torture, torture, harassment, extortion and illegal coercion, restraint or unnecessary annoyance for his individual security or order of the prison.
The action of Habeas Corpus shall be exercised power without any formality or, verbally or in writing, using any media, within hours or days or non-working and free of costs.
Thursday or judges can not dismiss the petition for habeas corpus and have an inescapable obligation to proceed immediately to stop the violation of freedom or security.
The courts that fail to support these actions incur criminal and administrative liability.
The authorities who order and the agents who carry the concealment of the arrest or in any way violate the warranty guilty of the crime of illegal detention.
Article 183 .- The State recognizes the guarantee of Amparo.
Accordingly any person aggrieved or any other on its behalf, is entitled to a remedy of amparo:
In order to keep or restore the enjoyment or the rights or guarantees that the constitution provides, and
To declare in specific cases where a law, resolution, act or fact of authority, does not require the appellant does not apply because they violate, diminish or distort any of the rights recognized by this Constitution.
The Writ of Amparo be filed in accordance with the law.



Article 184 .- The laws may be declared unconstitutional on grounds of form and content.
The Supreme Court of Justice is responsible knowledge and resolution original and exclusive in the matter and shall act with the requirements of the final ruling.
Article 185 .- The declaration of unconstitutionality of a law and its inapplicability may be claimed, who has been wronged by their interest in direct, personal and legitimate:
By way of action to be brought before the Supreme Court;
By way of exception, which may raise any legal proceedings, and
Also the judge or tribunal which heard in any judicial proceeding, may apply to trade the declaration of unconstitutionality of a bill and its inapplicability before issuing a decision.
In this case, and laid down in the preceding paragraph, will be suspended the proceedings should be raised to the Supreme Court.
Article 186 .- No power or authority may pending cases closed cases and open trials, except in cases tried in criminal and civil matters that can be viewed at all times for the condemned, to request these, any person, ministry
public or trade.
This appeal was brought before the Supreme Court.
The law shall regulate the cases and the review form. 



Article 187 .- The exercise of the rights established in Articles 69, 71, 72, 78, 81, 84, 93, 99 and 103, may be suspended in a glass of invasion of national territory, serious disturbance of the peace, epidemic or
any other general disaster by the President of the Republic, in accordance with the Council of Ministers, through a decree that will contain:
The reasons which justify it;
The guarantees or warranties that are restricted;
The territory affected by the restriction, and
The time it will last. You can convene in the same decree to Congress that within thirty days, aware of that decree and ratify, modify or impruebe.
Should be in session, the decree immediately known.
The restriction of guarantees may not exceed a period of forty-five days for each time it is decreed.
If, before the deadline set for the restriction, might have gone the reasons for the decree, shall cease to have effect, and in this case every citizen has the right to seek its review.
The expiration of forty-five days, the guarantees are automatically restored, unless it was given new decree restrictions.
The restriction of guarantees enacted in any way affect the functioning of state bodies, whose members will always enjoy the immunities and privileges granted by law.
Article 188 .- The territory that the assurances were suspended in the above article for the suspension shall be governed by the Law of State of Siege, but neither that law nor any other, may order the suspension of other guarantees as
Neither can be done during the suspension, declarations of new crimes or penalties imposed, other than those already established in the existing laws of a suspension. 



Article 189 .- The legislative power is vested in a Congress of Deputies, elected by direct suffrage.
Will meet in regular session in the capital of the Republic on January 25 of each year, without notice, and will conclude its sessions on October 31 that year.
The sessions may be extended for as long as necessary by resolution of Congress, at the initiative of one or more of its members, or at the request of the Executive.
Breaks will be provided in the Rules of Procedure.
Article 190 .- The National Congress will meet in special session:
When requested by the Executive;
When convened by its Standing Committee, and
When so agreed by more than half of its members.
In these cases only address the issues that led to the corresponding decree of convocation.
Article 191 .- A number of five Members of Congress may convene extraordinary National Assembly to meet in any place in the Republic, when the Executive, another authority, force majeure, prevent installation or the holding of its meetings.
ARTICLE 192 .- For the installation of the National Congress and its holding will suffice more than half of its members.
Article 193 .- Neither the Congress nor any other authority of the State or individuals may prevent the installation of the Congress, holding meetings or order its dissolution.
Violation of this provision constitutes a crime against the State authorities.
Article 194 .- On January 21 Deputies will meet in preparatory meetings, and with the concurrence of at least five, will organize the interim executive.
Article 195 .- On January 23 members will meet in their final preparatory session to choose the property directive.
National Congress President shall serve for a period of two years and shall be the Chairman of the Standing Committee.
The rest of the Directive last two years in office.
Article 196 .- Members shall be elected for a term of four years from the date when Congress formally installed.
In case of absolute lack of a deputy alternate finish his term call Congress.
Article 197 .- The members are obliged to meet in Assembly on the dates indicated by this Constitution and attend all meetings held by the National Congress, unless duly verified disability.
Members who with his unjustified absence or abandonment of the session, give reason to not form a quorum or to disintegrate it will be expelled from Congress and lost for a period of ten years the right to elect to public office.
ARTICLE 198 .- To be elected a deputy must:
Be Honduran by birth:
Have thirty five years of age;
Being in the exercise of citizenship rights;
Being a layman, and
Being born in the department for which you are applying or have resided there for at least the last five years preceding the date of elections.
Article 199 .- can not be elected Members:
The President of the Republic
(Amended by Decree 4 of 1990)
The judges of the Supreme Court;
Secretaries and Secretaries of State
Military leaders with national jurisdiction;
Holders of senior management bodies, government and management of decentralized state institutions;
Active duty military and members of the security forces or other armed force;
Other public officials and employees of the executive and the judiciary to determine the law, except those engaged in teaching positions and health care;
Members of the National Electoral Court;
Attorney and Attorney General's Office, the Comptroller General of the Republic and the Director and Deputy Director of Administrative Probity;
The spouse and relatives within the fourth degree of consanguinity and second degree as specified in paragraphs 1, 2, 4, 8 and 9 above, and the Secretary and Deputy Secretary of State for Defence and Public Security;
The spouse and relatives of the chiefs of the military areas, commanders of military units, departmental or sectional military delegates, delegates from the security forces or other armed force within the fourth degree of consanguinity and second degree, where they are candidates by the department where those exercising jurisdiction;
(Amended by Decree 10 of 1984)
Dealers of the State for the exploitation of natural resources or contractors for services or public works to be expenses with state funds and who, because such concepts have outstanding accounts with him;
Delinquent debtors of the Treasury.
These incompatibilities and disqualifications affect holders of the offices listed within six months preceding the date of election.
Article 200 .- Members shall enjoy from the day being declared elected, the following privileges:
Personal immunity to be free from personal or home, arrested, charged or tried under siege even if Congress did not previously declared in the formation of the facts;
Not to be compelled to render military service;
Not be liable in any time for their bills or their opinions during his tenure;
Not be sued civilly from fifteen days prior to fifteen days after the regular and special sessions of Congress, except in the case of a counterclaim, and
To remain silent about facts that they have confided third parties under his inauguration.
Also, enjoy the privileges of paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article, candidates for deputies from the day they are nominated by their respective political parties.
Those who violate these provisions criminal liability.
Article 201 .- The buildings and facilities of the National Congress are inviolable.
The President of the Directive, or its Standing Committee authorizing the entry of members of the security forces as circumstances require.
Article 202 .- The National Congress shall consist of a fixed number of one hundred twenty eight (128) deputies and their alternates, who will be elected in accordance with the Constitution and the law.
Members shall be representatives of the people, departmental distribution will be based at the ratio specified by the National Electoral Court, according to the Electoral and Political Organizations. In those departments we had a population less than the ratio set by the National Election Tribunal shall be elected a deputy Owner and its respective alternate.
(Amended by Decree 28 of 1988)
Article 203 .- The members in office may not hold public paid for the time by which they are elected, except in an educational, cultural and professional services related to social assistance.
However, they may hold the offices of Secretary or Assistant Secretaries of State, chairman or managers of decentralized entities, head of diplomatic mission, consular or diplomatic missions play Ado-hoc.
In these cases will feed back to Congress to cease to function.
Substitutes may hold employment or public office without his acceptance and exercise cause the loss of that capacity.
Article 204 .- No Member may have to rent, directly or indirectly, the goods of this state or obtain contracts or concessions of any kind.
Acts in contravention of this provision will produce absolutely null and void.
Article 205 .- Corresponds to Congress the following powers:
1. Create, enact, interpret, amend and repeal laws;
Summon, suspend and close its sessions;
Give its Rules of Procedure and apply the sanctions set out therein for those who infringe;
Call special sessions in accordance with this Constitution;
Incorporate view members with credentials and receive the promise of the Constitution;
Members call alternate if the absence is temporary or a lawful impediment to the owners or when they refuse to attend;
Make the vote count and declare the election of the President, Appointed to the Chair and Members of the National Congress when the National Electoral Court has not done so.
When one citizen is elected to various positions, shall be declared elected for only one of them, according to the following order of preference:
President of the Republic
Representative of the President of the Republic
Member of Congress, and
Member of the Municipal Corporation.
Accept or reject the resignation of the members for cause;
Choose for the constitutional period nine justices and seven alternates owners of the Supreme Court and elect its Chairman;
(Decree 2 of 1999)
Make the choice of the Comptroller, and Deputy Attorney's Office, Director and Deputy Director of Administrative Probity;
Receive the constitutional promise to the President and Appointed as President of the Republic, declared elected and other officials to choose, license and admit or not his resignation and to fill the vacancies in case of absolute lack of any of them;
Grant or deny permission to the President and Appointed as President of the Republic so they can leave the country for more than fifteen days;
Change the residence of the branches of government for serious reasons;
State whether or not there for a case against the President, Appointed to the President, Members of the Congress, Justices of the Supreme Court, Members of the National Electoral Court, Secretaries and Deputy Secretaries of State, Heads of Missions Diplomatic Comptroller and Deputy Comptroller, Attorney General and Deputy Attorney General's Office and Director and Deputy Director of Administrative Probity;
(Amended by Decree No. 2 of 1999)
Grant amnesty for political crimes and related common, outside of this case Congress can not take decisions by way of grace;
Grant or deny permission to the Hondurans to accept positions or awards of another state;
Prizes and grant decree temporary privileges to authors and inventors and industries that have introduced new or improved existing general utility;
Approve or disapprove contracts involved carrying exemptions, incentives and tax concessions or any other contract to produce or prolong their effects to the next period of government of the Republic
Approve or disapprove the administrative conduct of the Executive, Judiciary and the National Electoral Court, the Comptroller General of the Republic, Attorney General of the Republic and decentralized institutions;
Appoint special committees to investigate matters of national interest. The hearing at the request of those committees, it is mandatory under the same constraints as those in judicial proceedings;
Challenged the secretaries of state and other officials of the central government, decentralized agencies, state enterprises and any other entity in which the state has an interest, on matters relating to public administration;
Order the restriction or suspension of rights in accordance with the requirements of the Constitution and ratify, modify or reject the restriction or suspension that has given the executive power under the Act;
Confer the rank of Major to Major General, a proposal of the Executive;
(Amended by Decree No. 2 of 1999)
Set the number of permanent members of the Armed Forces;
Allow or forbid foreign troops to pass through the territory of the country;
Authorize the Executive Branch the departure of troops of the Armed Forces to serve in foreign territory, in accordance with international treaties and conventions;
Declare war and make peace;
Authorize foreign military missions receiving assistance or technical cooperation in Honduras;
Approve or reject international treaties that the Executive has concluded;
Create or eliminate jobs and pensions decree honors and relevant services to the Fatherland;
Approve the annual General Budget Revenues and Expenses based on the project to forward the executive branch and apportioned and decide on its amendment;
Annually approve the budget duly broken down Revenues and Expenditures of the devolved institutions;
Step decree, law, national currency rate and pattern of weights and measures;
Establish and taxes and public charges;
Approve or reject loans or similar agreements that relate to public funds, held by the Executive;
To make the recruitment of foreign borrowing or those that, although the country agreed to be financed with foreign capital, it is necessary that the respective bill passed by Congress:
Establish by statute in appropriate cases as subsidies and grants for public purposes or as an instrument of social economic development;
Finally approve or reject the accounts of public expenditure by drawing upon the reports that yields the Comptroller General of the Republic and the comments thereto made by the Executive;
Regulate the payment of national debt on the initiative of the Executive;
Exercise control over public revenue;
Authorize the Executive to sell national or its application to public use;
Ports authorize, create or eliminate customs and free zones initiatives of the Executive;
Regulate the maritime trade land and air;
Establish national symbols, and
Exercising the powers assigned to him by the Constitution and laws.
Article 206 .- The powers of the legislature may not be delegated except to receive the constitutional promise of high government officials, in accordance with this Constitution.
Article 207 .- The directive of Congress, before closing its meetings, appoint from among its members, nine members and their alternates who form the Standing Committee of the National Congress in recess.
Article 208 .- Powers of the Committee:
Interior to issue its own rules;
Giving an opinion and fill in the other business transactions which have been pending, in order to be considered in the subsequent legislature;
Prepare for consideration by the National Congress draft amendments to the laws that it considers the country's needs demand;
Receive the Executive decrees issued in the last ten days of sessions of Congress, duly punished;
Receive complaints of violation of this Constitution;
Maintain custody and responsibility of Congress file;
Publish an edition of all decrees and resolutions issued by Congress in previous sessions, within three months following the end of it;
Convening the National Congress into special session to excite the Executive or the requirement of the case requires;
Receive the Executive Branch the documentation and information on economic agreements, lending or borrowing which intends to conclude the power to authorize or contract with effect from detailed reports to Congress at its next;
Submit to Congress a detailed report of its work during the period of its management;
Choose temporarily in case of absolute lack of staff replacements to be appointed by Congress;
Call to integrate other members for non-members of the Commission;
Grant or deny permission to the President and Appointed as President of the Republic for more than fifteen days to leave the country;
Appoint special committees as necessary, consisting of members of Congress;
The other powers in the Constitution.
Article 209 .- Special Believe the Paymaster of the legislature, which will address the payment of all expenses of the Bouquet.
Article 210 .- Special Paymaster of the Legislature will be under the immediate dependence on the directive of Congress, or in the case of the Standing Committee.
Corresponds to the directive of the National Congress the appointment of Paymaster, who must pay bail in accordance with the law.
Article 211 .- The Executive Power shall include in the General Budget of Expenditures and Revenues of the Republic, the funds budgeted by the Legislature for its operation.
Article 212 .- The General Treasury of the Republic, credited quarterly in advance the necessary funds to meet the expenses of the National Congress.

Article 213 .- have the bill only Members of Congress, the President, through the Secretaries of State and the Supreme Court and National Electoral Court, on matters within its competence.
Article 214 .- No bill will definitely be voted after three debates, but made on different days, except in case of emergency described by a simple majority of members present.
Article 215 .- Any draft law, approved by Congress, be passed to the Executive, no later than three days after being voted to give it their sanction in his case and then pass
The law will punish with this formula, "Therefore let it be executed."
Article 216 .- If the Executive finds it inconvenient to enact the Bill, it will return to Congress, within ten days, with this formula: "Return to Congress, stating the grounds on which bases its disagreement.
If you end expressed no objections, will be sanctioned and promulgated as law.
When the Executive remits the Project, the National Congress shall submit a new resolution and if it is ratified by two-thirds vote, pass it back to the Executive, with this formula: "Constitutionally ratified" and will publish it without delay.
If the veto is based on the bill is unconstitutional, may be subject to further deliberation without first hearing the Supreme Court shall deliver its opinion within the period prescribed for him by Congress.
Article 217 .- When the National Congress vote a bill to end its Executive Session and creates inconvenience sanction is required to give notice immediately to stay together up to ten days from the date Congress received the project
and not to do so, must refer it, in the first eight days of the subsequent sessions of Congress.
Article 218 .- No penalty shall be required, nor the Executive may put the veto in cases and resolutions:
In the elections to the National Congress does or declare, or waivers to admit or exclude;
In the statements or not there are grounds for a cause;
The decrees relating to the conduct of the Executive;
In regulations issued for the previous regime;
The decrees to approve to move its headquarters to elsewhere in the territory of Honduras or to temporarily adjourn and to convene special sessions;
In the Budget Law;
In treaties or contracts impruebe National Congress, and
In the reforms decreed to the Constitution.
In these cases, the Executive shall promulgate with this formula: THEREFORE BE PUBLISHED. "
Article 219 .- Whenever a bill, not coming from the initiative of the Supreme Court, is intended to amend or repeal any provision contained in the codes of the Republic may not be discussed without hearing the view that
The Court will issue its report within the National Congress will bring.
This provision does not understand the laws of political, economic and administrative.
Article 220 .- No bill rejected in whole or in part, be discussed again at the same legislature.
Article 221 .- The will is mandatory under the enactment and after twenty days after completion of their publication in the official newspaper "La Gaceta".
You can, however, restricted or expanded in the same law within which this article and arranged in special cases, another form of enactment.

Article 222 .- The Comptroller General of the Republic is a subsidiary body of the legislature, with functional and administrative independence, responsible only to post audit of the Treasury, taking among others the following functions:
Check the administration of public funds and assets and accounts gloss over officials and employees who handle;
Oversee financial management of units of public administration, decentralized institutions, including municipalities, government establishments and entities receiving funding from the national treasury or receive the same grant or subsidy;
Examine the records and accounts state that the management of public finances present the executive to Congress and submit to it the relevant report, and
Exercise such other functions as may be determined by organic law.
Article 223 .- The Comptroller General's Office will be headed by a Controller and a Comptroller elected by the National Congress, who have the same disabilities and enjoy the same privileges as the judges of the Supreme Court.
To be the Comptroller is required:
Be Honduran by birth;
Being twenty-five years;
A citizen in the exercise of their rights;
Being recognized honesty and competence, and
Possessing a degree in Legal Studies, Economics, Public Administration, Audit and Public Accounts, or Expert Accountant and Public Accountant.
On the Comptroller be elected for a period of five years and may be reappointed for the subsequent period.
Article 224 .- The Comptroller and Comptroller shall be responsible to the National Congress of the acts performed in the exercise of their functions, and may only be removed by him, when they commission finds serious irregularities or crimes.
Article 225 .- The subsequent audit of the Central Bank of Honduras, in relation to the management of state funds shall be made by the Comptroller General of the Republic, who will report on such audit to Congress.
The subsequent audit of the other lending institutions that receive funding from the State regarding the application of such funds in banking operations or strictly business, be exercised by the Superintendency of Banks, and in other cases by the Comptroller General
Article 226 .- The Comptroller General must report to Congress within the first forty days of the end of the fiscal year, a report setting forth the work done during the year, with explanatory comments and suggestions they deem necessary to achieve greater efficiency
management and control of public funds and assets.
This report, which simultaneously sent a copy to the President, shall be issued by the Comptroller General in detail or in summary, except as related to military secrets and other aspects that could affect national security.
This does not mean that the Comptroller General to submit special reports to Congress and in some cases also simultaneously the President of the Republic.
Article 227 .- All aspects of the organization and functioning of the Comptroller General of the Republic shall be determined by law.

Article 228 .- The Attorney General of the Republic is the legal representative of the State, its organization and operation shall be determined by law
Article 229 .- The Attorney and Attorney General of the Republic shall be elected by the National Congress for four years, and may not be eligible for a subsequent period, must meet the same conditions and have the same privileges and disabilities provided in this Constitution for the
Judges of the Supreme Court.
Article 230 .- The civil and criminal actions resulting from the operations audit of the Comptroller General of the Republic shall be exercised by the Attorney General, except those related to the municipalities which are the responsibility of the officials that the law directed.
Article 231 .- The State shall allocate funds necessary for the proper organization and functioning of the Attorney General's Office.
All agencies of the Public Administration shall cooperate with the Attorney General's Office in fulfilling its responsibilities in the manner determined by law.

Article 232 .- The Directorate of Administrative Probity be a watchdog, assistant legislative branch, to be functional and administrative independence.
The law regulates its organization, functions and performance.
Article 233 .- It is presumed illicit enrichment, when the capital increase public official or employee from the date you took office, until that which has ceased to function, it is grossly higher than has usually been obtained
under the salaries and emoluments received from other legally, and increase their capital or income for any other lawful cause.
Illicit enrichment is also presumed when the public servant is authorized by no researching their bank deposits or business in the country or abroad.
To determine the increase referred to the first paragraph of this Article, a whole capital and the revenue officer or employee, your spouse and your children.
The declaration of assets of public officials and employees, shall be in accordance with the law.
When a public servant is acquitted is entitled to resume his post.
Article 234 .- The Director and Deputy Director General of Administrative Probity be elected by the National Congress for a period of five years and must meet the same requirements for the offices of the Comptroller of the Republic.

Article 235 .- The executive power is exercised on behalf and for the benefit of the people, the President of the Republic.
Article 236 .- The President and three appointed by the President, shall be jointly and directly elected by the people, by simple majority vote.
The election shall be declared by the National Electoral Court, and failing that, by Congress or the Supreme Court if necessary.
Article 237 .- The presidential term is four years and begin on January 27 following the date on which the election was held.
ARTICLE 238 .- To be President or Representative of the President, requires:
Be Honduran by birth;
Over thirty years;
Being in the enjoyment of the rights of citizens, and
Be the secular state.
Article 239 .- The citizen who has held the title of Executive Power can not be President or Designee.
Whoever violates this provision, or proposed for reform, and support those who directly or indirectly, immediately cease carrying out their respective positions, and shall be disqualified for ten years to exercise any public function.
Article 240 .- can not be elected President of the Republic:
Appointed to the Office of the President, Secretaries and Deputy Secretaries of State, Members of the National Electoral Court, Magistrates and Judges of the Judiciary, Presidents, Vice Presidents, Managers, Assistant Managers, Directors, Assistant Directors, Executive Secretaries of decentralized institutions, the Comptroller General's Office, and Deputy Attorney General's Office, Director and Deputy Director of Administrative Probity, who have held office during the six months preceding the date of election of the President of the Republic
Commanding officers and general officers of the Armed Forces
Senior commanders of the Armed Forces and Police Forces and State Security;
Active duty military and members of any other armed force who have held office during the last twelve months preceding the date of election;
(Decree 2 of 1999)
The relatives of the President and Designated who have held the presidency in the year preceding the election, within the fourth degree of consanguinity or second degree.
Representatives or agents of the state concessionaires, licensees of the State for the exploitation of natural resources or contractors for services and public works to be expenses to national funding for such concepts and who have outstanding accounts with the State.
Article 241 .- The President of the Republic, or who exercises his functions, shall not leave the country for more than fifteen days without permission from Congress or its Standing Committee.
Article 242 .- If the President is absolute failure, the Designated choose to effect Congress exercises the executive power by the time remaining to complete the constitutional period.
But if you also fail us so all the three designated, the Executive shall be exercised by the President of Congress, and in the absence of the latter, by the President of the Supreme Court by the time that fails to complete the constitutional period.
During his temporary absence, the President may call one of those appointed to replace him.
If the choice is not in and Appointed President declared a day before the January 27, the executive power is exercised exceptionally by the Council of Ministers, which must call an election of supreme authority, within fifteen days from that date.These elections shall be undertaken within a period not less than four nor more than six months from the date of the announcement.
The elections, the National Electoral Court, or failing that Congress or the Supreme Court, if necessary, will make the relevant declaration, within twenty days from the date of the election, and elected immediately take up their positions to complete the constitutional term of office.
While new elected supreme authorities take possession of their respective offices, shall continue temporarily in the performance of their duties, Members of the Congress and the judges of the Supreme Court.
Article 243 .- It is to start the constitutional term for which he was elected, the President fails to appear, for while it has exercised the executive power, the Representative of the President elected by Congress.
Article 244 .- The promise of law by the President of the Republic or the legal substitute for it, will be presented to the President of the National Congress is in session, and in his absence to the President of the Supreme Court.
In case you can not file it with the above officials may do so before any Judge of the Peace or the Republic.
Article 245 .- The President has the general administration of the State, are your responsibilities:
Comply with and enforce the Constitution, treaties and conventions, laws and other laws;
Direct the general policy of the State and represent it;
Keep intact the independence and honor of the Republic, the integrity and inviolability of national territory
Maintaining peace and internal security of the Republic and to repel any attack or foreign aggression;
Appoint and remove freely the secretaries and assistant secretaries of state and other officials and employees whose appointment is not attributed to other authorities;
Energize the National Congress into special session by the Standing Committee or propose the extension of the ordinary;
Restrict or suspend the exercise of rights, in accordance with the Council of Ministers, subject to the provisions of this Constitution;
Address messages to Congress at any time, and necessarily in person and in writing to settle each regular session;
Participate in the formation of laws introducing projects to Congress by the Secretaries of State
Give the Legislative, Judicial and the National Electoral Tribunal, the aid and forces needed to implement its resolutions;
Agreements and issue decrees and regulations and rulings issued under the law;
Direct policy and international relations;
Conclude treaties and conventions, ratify the approval of Congress, the International Treaties of a political, military, those relating to territory, sovereignty and concessions, which involve financial obligations to the Treasury or that require modification or repeal of any constitutional or statutory provision and requiring legislative measures for their implementation;
Appoint the heads of diplomatic and consular mission in accordance with the Foreign Service Act is issued, who must be Honduran by birth, unless it is an honorary position or joint performances with other countries of Honduras;
Receive the heads of foreign diplomatic missions, representatives of international organizations, issuing and withdrawing Exequatur the Consuls of other States;
Act as Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces in his capacity as Commander in Chief, and take the necessary measures to defend the Republic
Declare war and make peace in the recess of Congress, which must be called immediately;
Ensure in general, the official conduct of public officials and employees for security and prestige of the government and the State;
Manage the Treasury;
Dictate extraordinary measures in the financial area when required by the national interest, must inform the National Congress;
Negotiate loans, make their employment prior congressional approval where appropriate;
Formulate the National Development Plan, the Council of Ministers to discuss, submit to the approval of Congress, directed and implemented;
Regular tariffs in accordance with the law;
Pardon and commute the sentences according to law;
Awards conferred by law;
Make the receipt of income from state and regulate its investment under the law;
Post quarterly Income and Expenditure of the Public Income;
Organizing, directing, guiding and promoting public education, eradicate illiteracy, promote and improve technical education;
Adopt measures to promote prevention, recovery and rehabilitation of the health of residents;
Leading economic and financial policy of the State;
Exercise oversight and control of banking institutions, insurance and financial by the National Commission of Banking and Insurance, whose membership and operation will be governed under a special law and appoint the chairmen and vice chairmen of the state banks, according to the Law;
Take all steps and measures within its power to promote the rapid implementation of agrarian reform and development of production and productivity in agriculture;
Sanction, veto, enact and publish the laws passed by Congress;
Policy direction and support to Economic and Social Integration, both nationally and internationally, aimed at improving the living conditions of the people of Honduras;
Create, maintain and remove public services and take whatever steps are necessary for the proper operation thereof;
Confer military ranks from lieutenant to captain, inclusive;
Ensure that the armed forces are apolitical, essentially professional, obedient and not deliberating;
(Amended by Decree 10 of 1984)
Grant and cancel naturalization certificates, authorized by the executive branch, according to law;
Grant pensions, gratuities and bonuses, according to the law;
Granting legal status to civil partnerships under the law;
To ensure harmony between capital and labor;
Check and fix the minimum wage in accordance with the law;
Allow or deny prior authorization of the National Congress, the transit through the territory of Honduras of troops of another country;
Allow authorization of Congress, the Honduran troops out to serve in foreign territory, in accordance with international treaties and conventions for operations on the maintenance of peace and
The other powers the Constitution and laws;

Article 246 .- The Secretaries of State are organs of the general administration of the country and reports directly to the President.
The law shall determine the number, organization, competence and performance, as well as the organization, competence and performance, as well as the organization, competence and functioning of the Council of Ministers.
(Amended by Act 5of 1991)
Article 247 .- The Secretaries of State are collaborators of the President in the guidance, coordination, direction and supervision of the organs and entities of the national government in the area of competence.
Article 248 .- The decrees, regulations, agreements, orders and orders of the President of the Republic, must be approved by the Secretaries of State in their respective branches or Assistant Secretaries as appropriate.
Without these requirements do not have legal force.
The State Secretaries and Assistant Secretaries, shall be jointly responsible with the President for the actions they authorize.
Of the resolutions taken by the Council of Ministers responsible ministers present, unless there is reason to vote against.
ARTICLE 249 .- To be Secretary or Assistant Secretary will require the same requirements to be President of the Republic.
The Assistant Secretaries to the Secretaries replaced by operation of law.
Article 250 .- It may be Secretaries of State:
The relatives of the President of the Republic within the fourth degree of consanguinity and second degree.
((Amended by Decree 4 of 1990)
Those who have given or raised public bonds, while the settlement do not have credit in your account;
The defaulters of the Treasury, and
State grantees, their agents or representatives for the exploitation of natural resources or contractors for services and public works to be expenses from state funds, and who by such concepts have outstanding accounts with it.
Article 251 .- The National Congress may call the Secretaries of State and they must answer the challenges that they do, on matters relating to public administration.
Article 252 .- The President convenes and chairs the Council of Ministers.
All decisions of the Council shall be by simple majority and in case of a tie, the Chairman shall have a casting vote.
The Council shall be convened by the President to take decision on all matters it deems of national importance and to hear the cases stipulated by law.
Act as Secretary, the Secretary of State for the Presidency.
Article 253 .- It is incompatible with the duties of Secretary of State, the exercise of any other public office, except in cases in which the laws assigned to other duties.
Apply to the Secretaries of State as applicable, the rules, prohibitions and penalties provided for in Articles 203 and 204.
ARTICLE 254 .- The Secretaries of State must report annually to Congress within the first fifteen days of installation, a report of work in their offices.
Article 255 .- The administrative acts of any organ of state to be legal effects of a general nature will be published in the Official Journal "La Gaceta" and its validity is regulated in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution for the enforcement of law.



Article 256 .- The Civil Service Rules governing employment relations and public service established between the State and its servers, based on principles of adequacy, efficiency and honesty. The administration staff will be subjected to scientific methods based on the merit system.
The State will protect their servers within the administrative career.
Article 257 .- The law shall regulate the Civil Service and in particular the conditions for admission to the public; the promotion and advancement based on merit and ability, the guarantee of permanence, transfers, suspensions and guarantees server duties
and public appeals against decisions that affect them.
Article 258 .- Both the Central government and decentralized agencies of the state, no person may hold simultaneously two or more paid public office, except those who provide health care services and teaching.
No officer, employee or public employee who receives a regular salary, bonus bear diet or providing a service in pursuance of their duties.
Article 259 .- The provisions of this Chapter shall apply to officers and employees of the decentralized and municipal institutions. 


Of the devolved institutions

Article 260 .- The decentralized institutions can only be created by special law which ensure:
Increased efficiency in the administration of national interests
The satisfaction of collective needs of public service, nonprofit;
The greater effectiveness in achieving the aims of public administration;
The economic justification of the administrative cost of its operation, performance or expected utility or in case of anticipated savings;
The exclusivity of the competition, so that their creation is no duplication with other bodies of the existing Civil Service;
The development and exploitation of assets or resources belonging to the State, its participation in those areas of economic activities it deems necessary and appropriate to fulfill its goals of social progress and general welfare and
The general legal regime of the devolved institutions will be established by general law the Public Administration is issued.
ARTICLE 261 .- To create or delete a decentralized organization, the National Congress resolved by two-thirds vote of its members.
Upon the issuance of laws relating to the devolved institutions, Congress should seek the advice of the executive branch.
Article 262 .- The decentralized institutions have functional and administrative independence, and this effect may issue regulations that are necessary in accordance with the law.
The devolved institutions operate under the direction and supervision of the State and their chairmen, directors or managers liable for their management.
The law establishes the necessary control mechanisms for the devolved institutions.
Article 263 .- It will be Presidents, General Managers, Directors of decentralized institutions:
The relatives of the President and the Appointed to the fourth degree of consanguinity or second degree, and
(Amended by Decree 95 of 1988)
The Appointed as President of the Republic or his relatives within the fourth degree of consanguinity or second degree.
Article 264 .- The presidents, CEOs and managers of the decentralized state agencies last up to four years in office and manner of appointment and removal shall be in accordance with the respective laws creating them.
Article 265 .- The executive officers of confidence, which in any capacity to exercise the functions of management of decentralized agencies, but the labor relations of the other servers in these institutions are regulated by the legal regime applicable to workers in general.
The form, content and scope of such schemes could be prescribed by the laws, regulations and collective agreements.
Article 266 .- decentralized institutions submitted to the Central Government, the Operational Plan for the year concerned, enclosing a report description and analysis of each of the core specific activities to meet together with a comprehensive budget for the implementation of that plan
The Secretary of State for Finance and Public Credit and the Higher Council for Economic Planning, developed by separate opinions in order to determine the consistency of such documents with the approved development plans.
Once approved by the President of the opinions will be forwarded to the devolved institutions to which they relate.
The bodies of the devolved institutions will not approve neither the plan nor the annual budget, while not incorporated into these proposed changes in the respective opinion.
Article 267 .- decentralized State agencies send to the legislature within the first 15 days of September each year, the respective pre-disaggregated annual budget for approval.
Article 268 .- decentralized institutions must submit to the Central Government a detailed report of the results liquid financial activities of the previous fiscal year.
(Amended by Decree 57 of 1987)
They should also report on the physical and financial progress of all programs and projects for implementation.
The Secretary of State for Finance and Public Credit and the Council for Economic Planning, will evaluate the results of the decentralized management of each entity and make observations and recommendations.
Article 269 .- The Executive Branch may provide through the corresponding conduit of the net profits of the devolved institutions engaged in economic activities, do not affect the development of them or the implementation of priority programs or projects.
Article 270 .- The law shall stipulate that contracts should be subject to public bidding by the devolved institutions.
Article 271 .- Any substantial change to the Operational Plan and budget of a decentralized institution previously required the assent of the Council for Economic Planning and the Ministry of State for Finance and Public Credit. 




Article 272 .- The Armed Forces of Honduras, is a permanent national institution, essentially professional, apolitical, obedient and not deliberating.
Are formed to defend the territorial integrity and sovereignty of the Republic, keep the peace, public order and the rule of the Constitution, the principles of free suffrage and the rotation in the office of President of the Republic.
Cooperate with the police in the maintenance of public order.
In order to guarantee the free exercise of suffrage, custody, transportation and monitoring of electoral materials and other aspects of process safety, the President of the Republic Armed Forces will make available to the National Elections Tribunal from a
month before the election, until the declaration of the same.
(Amended by Decree No. 2 of 1999)
Article 273 .- The Armed Forces shall consist of the High Command, Army, Air Force, Navy, Public Security Force and the agencies that determine its Constitutive Act.
(Amended by Decree 136 of 1995)
Article 274 .- The Armed Forces are subject to the provisions of its Constitutive Act and other laws and regulations governing its operation.
Cooperate with the Secretaries of State and other institutions, to request them in literacy work, education, agriculture, environmental protection, transportation, communications, health and land reform. Participate in international peacekeeping missions, based on international treaties, provide logistical support of technical, communications and transport, the fight against drug trafficking, work with staff and resources to cope with natural disasters and emergency situations affecting people and property, as well as programs to protect and conserve the ecosystem, academic and technical training for its members and other national interests. Also cooperate with public security institutions, at the request of the Secretary of State for Security, to combat terrorism, arms trafficking and organized crime and the protection of state powers and the Court of Elections , to request them, in their installation and operation.
(Amended by Decree No. 2 of 1999)
Article 275 .- A special law shall regulate the operation of military tribunals.
Article 276 .- Citizens between the age of eighteen to thirty years military service voluntarily in peacetime, in the form of an educational system, social, humanist and democratic.
The State has the power to call up, in accordance with the Law on Military Service. In case of international war are soldiers all Hondurans able to defend and serve the country.
(Amended by Decree 65 of 1995)
Article 277 .- The President shall exercise the direct command of the Armed Forces in his capacity as Commander in Chief under this Constiotutción of the Republic and the proincipios of law, discipline and military professionalism.
(Amended by Decree No. 2 of 1999)
Article 278 .- The instructions given by the President of the Republic must be respected and implemented with adherence to the Constitution and the principles of law, discipline and military professionalism.
(Amended by Decree No. 2 of 1999)
Article 279 .- The Secretary (a) of State for National Defence, will be the citizen (a) that meets the requirements specified in this Constitution and other laws, the Chief of Staff and Joint Forces, will
a General or higher, with the rank of colonel or equivalent weapons in active service, with merit and leadership, Honduran by birth and shall meet the requirements prescribed by law may not be head of the Joint Chiefs, no relative of the President or his legal sutitutos within the fourth degree of consanguinity and second degree, and shall hold office for three (3) years.
(Amended by Decree No. 2 of 1999)
Article 280 .- The Secretary (a) of State for National Defence, will be appointed or removed freely by the President, in the same way it will be the Chief of Joint Staff of Armed Forces, who will be selected by
President of the Republic, between the member countries of the Joint Chiefs of Armed Forces, in accordance with the provisions of the Ranking Officers, prescribed in the Constitutive Act of the Armed Forces.
(Amended by Decree No. 2 of 1999)
ARTICLE 281 .- In the temporary absence of the Chief of Joint Staff of the Armed Forces carry out their duties the Deputy Chief of the Joint Chiefs and also if it is absent or the office is vacant, his duties temporarily, the General Officer
Superior or designated by the President, among the remaining members of the Junta, in the absence of all the above, by the General Officer or Higher with the rank of colonel in the Arms or its equivalent, the President of the Republic designates. In case of permanent absence of the Chief of the Joint Chiefs, the President will make their respective appointments to the terms set forth in Articles 279 and 280 of this Constitution. While producing the appointment of the Chief of Joint Staff, will fill the vacancy in the Armed Forces Officer who is in office.
(Amended by Decree No. 2 of 1999)
Article 282 .- The appointment and removal of Armed Forces personnel in the administrative order, shall be consistent with Civil Service Law.
In the operational area, the nombramioentos and removals shall be made by Chief of Joint Staff, according to the organizational structure of the Armed Forces under its Constitutive Act and other legal dispocision force, including troops and auxiliary personnel.
(Amended by Decree No. 2 of 1999)
Article 283 .- The Joint Chiefs of Armed Forces, is the Senior Technical Advisory Body, Planning, Coordination and Monitoring Board, under the Secretary of State for National Defence and will have the functions contained in the Constitutive Act
Armed Forces.
(Amended by Decree No. 2 of 1999)
Article 284 .- For purposes of protection and national security, the territory of the Republic is divided into military regions will be headed by a Chief Military Region, the organization and operation shall comply with the provisions of the Constitutive Act of the Armed Forces
(Amended by Decree No. 2 of 1999)
Article 285 .- The Board of Commanders of the Armed Forces is the advisory body on all matters related to the institution.
Act as decision-making body on matters within its jurisdiction and as a Superior Court Force MRSA in matters submitted to its attention. The Constitutive Act of the Armed Forces and the Regulations governing its operation.
(Amended by Decree No. 2 of 1999)
Article 286 .- The Board of Commanders of the Armed Forces shall consist of the Chief of the Joint Chiefs, who will preside, the Deputy Chief of Joint Staff, the General Ispector and Force Commander.
(Amended by Decree No. 2 of 1999)
Article 287 .- Create the National Council for Defence and Security, a special law shall regulate the organization and operation.
ARTICLE 288 .- In the Military Training Centre will educate aspiring senior officers of the Armed Forces.
Training centers will be organized for weapons and services to the needs of the institution. Technical schools also organize training and preparation in accordance with the aims of voluntary military service, educational, social, humanist and democratic.
(Amended by Decree No. 2 of 1999)
Article 289 .- Establishment of the National Defense College, as the chief center for the study of the armed forces, responsible for training military personnel and civilian elite, so that joint action by political, economic, social and military
participate in national strategic planning.
Article 290 .- The military ranks are only acquired by rigorous advancement in accordance with the pertinent law.
The military may not be deprived of his degrees, honors and pensions other than as provided by law. Promotions from Lieutenant to Captain Sub-inclusive, will be awarded by the President on the nomination of (a) of State for National Defence, the promotion from Major to Major General inclusive, will be awarded by the National Congress a proposal from the Executive. The Joint Chiefs of Armed Forces will issue an opinion prior to promotion of officers conferring.
((Amended by Decree No. 2 of 1999)
ARTICLE 291 .- For the protection, welfare and safety of all members of the Armed Forces, will the Military Pension Institute, a body to be chaired by the Chief of Joint Staff and in accordance with the provisions of the Law Institute
Military forecast.
(Amended by Decree No. 2 of 1999)
Article 292 .- It shall be as exclusive power of the armed forces, the manufacture, importation, distribution and sale of weapons, ammunition and the like.
Article 293 .- The National Police is a professional institution of the state permanent, non-political in the partisan sense purely civilian in charge of ensuring the preservation of public order, prevention, control and combating crime and ensuring the safety of persons
and property, enforcement of decisions, regulations, mandates and legal decisions of the authorities and public funcionbarios, all with strict respect for human rights.
The National Police shall be governed by special legislation.
(Amended by Decree 136 of 1995) 



Article 294 .- The national territory is divided into departments.Its creation and limits will be enacted by Congress.
The departments are divided into autonomous municipalities administered by corporations elected by the people, in accordance with the law
Article 295 .- The Central District is formed in a single ancient city of Tegucigalpa and Camayagüela.
Article 296 .- The law shall establish the organization and functioning of municipalities and the requirements for municipal officer or employee.
Article 297 .- The municipalities may freely appoint the employees under him including police officers with their own funding costs.
ARTICLE 298 .- In exercising its custodial functions, and are not contravene the laws, the Municipal Corporations are independent of the branches of government, accountable to the courts for abuses committed individually or collectively, without prejudice to the responsibility
Article 299 .- The economic and social development of the municipalities must form part of national development programs.
Article 300 .- Any municipality shall have sufficient communal lands which ensure their existence and normal development.
Article 301 .- Municipal Treasury shall enter the taxes and contributions levied on income from investments made in the respective municipal understanding, as well as the share appropriate for the holding or industrialization of natural resources located within its jurisdiction
municipal, unless compelling reasons of national interest to give them other places.
ARTICLE 302 .- For the sole purpose of securing the improvement and development of communities, citizens have the right to freely associate in Trustees, to establish federations and confederations.
The law shall regulate this right. 



Article 303 .- The power to dispense justice emanates from the people and is administered free of charge on behalf of the State, judges and independent judges. The judiciary is comprised of a Supreme Court of Justice, the Courts of Appeals and the courts established by law.
The Supreme Court shall have its seat in the capital of the Republic, will consist of nine magistrates and seven alternates, elected by Congress and is divided into rooms, according to provisions in the Rules of Procedure of the Court itself
Article 304 .- The President of the Supreme Court shall be elected by Congress for a period of four years.
Article 305 .- The period of the Judges of the Supreme Court shall be four years and may be reappointed.
Vacancies shall be filled by the additional period.
Article 306 .- The Judiciary will have a yearly allocation of not less than three percent of net revenue budget of the Republic, excluding loans and donations.
ARTICLE 307 .- To be a Judge of the Supreme Court must: be a citizen in the exercise of their rights, a Honduran by birth, Advocate of the Courts of the Republic, Collegiate, over thirty-five years, the secular state and
having held the positions of Judge of the Court or Judge of Appeals for five years, at least, or exercised the profession for ten years.
Article 308 .- may not be elected judges of the Supreme Court:
Those who have any of the disqualifications to be Secretary of State, and,
The relations between them in the fourth degree of consanguinity or second degree.
The provisions of paragraph 1 above, is applicable to the appointment of judges of the Court of Appeals, and the inability of paragraph 2 above, is applicable to the appointment of judges of the same Court of Appeals.
Article 309 .- The judges and magistrates may be dismissed, suspended, transferred or retired, except for reasons and with prior guarantees in the law.
The law shall regulate the judiciary and measures to ensure the adequacy, stability and independence of judges, and sets the rules on competition, organization and operation of the courts, as provided by this Constitution.
ARTICLE 310 .- In any trial there will be more than two instances, the judge or magistrate who has exercised jurisdiction in one of them, you can not find in the other, or on appeal in the same case, without incurring liability.
Nor can judge in the same case the relatives within the fourth degree of consanguinity or second degree.
Article 311 .- The quality of the judge or magistrate in office is incompatible with the free exercise of the legal profession and the officer or employee of other public authorities, except for teachers and ad-hoc diplomatic.
Judges and magistrates in office may not participate for any reason in partisan political activity of any kind, except to cast their personal vote, can not unionize or strike.
Article 312 .- The magistrates, judges, prosecutors and justice officials, may be compelled to render military service, or to attend military exercises or practices.
Article 313 .- The Courts of Justice will require the help of the security forces to carry out its resolutions, if that were denied or there is none available, we require of citizens.
Who unreasonably refuses to render aid liable.
Article 314 .- exclusive power of the courts, judge and enforce judgments.
To them to the application of laws in specific cases.
ARTICLE 315 .- In cases of incompatibility between a constitutional and ordinary law, the court applied the first.
Also apply the legal standard on all other standard secondary.
Article 316 .- The law shall regulate the organization and functioning of courts, courts and prosecutors.
Article 317 .- The law, without compromising the independence of judges and lawyers, make arrangements, to ensure the proper and normal functioning of the courts, and foresee an effective means to meet their functional needs and administrative
and the organization of ancillary services.
Article 318 .- Create the jurisdiction of administrative litigation.The law shall establish the jurisdiction of the courts of matter and its organization and operation.
Article 319 .- The Supreme Court shall have the following powers:
Adopt its Rules of Procedure;
Meet the officers and common crimes of senior officials of the Republic, when Congress has declared that in the formation of the facts;
Meet in the second instance of the issues that the courts of appeals have met in the first instance;
Confer a degree in law and allow those who have been granted for the exercise of Notaries;
Declare that it has or not rather than for a case against officials and employees who by law;
Hear cases of extradition and the other to be judged under international law;
Hear appeals under the Act;
Hear and review appeals for protection under the law;
Appoint judges, judges, prosecutors and other officials and employees under the law;
Judicial Post Gazette;
Accept or reject the resignation of officials of his appointment and license both them and their own members;
Declare laws unconstitutional in the manner and cases provided in this Constitution;
Prepare the Draft Budget of the Judiciary and submit to the Executive for inclusion in her Budget Revenues and Expenditures, and
The other powers conferred by this Constitution and laws.
Article 320 .- The Judicial Branch Special Paymaster attend the payment of salaries for officials and employees of the administration of justice and the expenses and investments in the same sector.
The General Treasury of the Republic, credited quarterly in advance the necessary funds to implement these payments.
The Special Paymaster of the Judiciary shall be under the immediate dependence on the Supreme Court.
Corresponds to the Supreme Court the appointment of Paymaster.
This bond must be filed in accordance with the law 



Article 321 .- The servants of the State has no powers other than those expressly conferred by law. Any act that run outside the law is null and entails responsibility.
Article 322 .- Any public official taking office promise to provide the following law: "I promise to be faithful to the Republic, implement and enforce the Constitution and laws."
Article 323 .- The officials are custodians of authority, legally responsible for their official conduct under the law and never above.
No officer or employee, civilian or military, are bound by illegal orders or involve the commission of crime.
Article 324 .- If the public servant in the exercise of his office against the law to the detriment of individuals, be civil and severally liable with the state or state institution whose services are, without prejudice to any action replay
they can exercise against the server that is responsible, in cases of negligence or fraud.
Civil liability does not preclude the deduction of administrative and criminal responsibilities against the offender.
ARTICLE 325 .- The civil liability actions to deduce the servants of the state, prescribed period of ten years and criminal liability to deduct twice the period specified by the criminal law.
In both cases, the statute of limitations begins to run from the date on which the public servant has left the position in which incurred liability.
There is no requirement in cases where willful act or omission by politically motivated and causes the death of one or more persons.
ARTICLE 326 .- is public action to prosecute offenders of the rights and guarantees established in this Constitution, shall be exercised without bond or simple formality and complaint.
Article 327 .- The law shall regulate the liability of the State, as well as joint liability, criminal and administrative management of servants. 


Article 328 .- The Economic System of Honduras is founded on principles of efficiency in production and social justice in the distribution of wealth and national income, as well as the harmonious coexistence of the factors of production that enable the dignity of
work as the main source of wealth and as a means of realization of the human person.
Article 329 .- The State promotes the economic and social development, which will be subject to proper planning.
The law shall regulate the system and planning process involving all branches of government and the political, economic and social well represented.
Article 330 .- The national economy is based on democratic and harmonious coexistence of diverse forms of ownership and enterprise.
Article 331 .- The State recognizes and promotes guarantees freedom of consumption, savings, investment, employment, enterprise, commerce, industry, contracting companies and any others that emerge from the principles underlying the Constitution.
However, the exercise of these freedoms must not be contrary to their interests or detrimental to the morals, health or public safety.
Article 332 .- The exercise of economic activities falls primarily on individuals.
However, the State, for reasons of public order and social interest, reserve the exercise of certain basic industries, operations and services of public interest law and order measures and economic, fiscal and public safety, to guide, encourage, supervise, guide and supplement private initiative, based on sound economic policy and planned.
Article 333 .- The intervention in the economy shall be based on the social and public interest, and limit the rights and freedoms enshrined in this Constitution.
Article 334 .- The trading companies are subject to the control and supervision of a Superintendent of Companies, whose organization and operation will determine the law.
Cooperatives, which are the body and the form and scope which establishes the law of matter.
Article 335 .- The State shall order its external economic relations on the basis of a fair international cooperation, the Central American economic integration and respect of treaties and agreements it signs, as not opposed to the national interest.
Article 336 .- The foreign investment will be licensed, registered and supervised by the State.
Will complement and never a substitute for domestic investment.
Foreign companies are subject to the laws of the Republic.
Article 337 .- The industry and trade in small scale are the heritage of Honduras and its protection will be a law.
Article 338 .- The law shall regulate and encourage the organization of cooperatives of any kind, without altering or circumventing the fundamental economic and social principles of the Constitution.
Article 339 .- monopolies are prohibited, monopsony, oligopoly, hoarding and similar practices in industrial and commercial activity.
Private monopolies are not considered temporary privileges granted to inventors, discoverers and authors in the concept of property rights of scientific, literary, artistic or commercial, patents and trademarks.
Article 340 .- are declared public utility and necessity, technical and rational exploitation of natural resources of the Nation.
The State shall regulate its use, according to the social interest and determine the conditions of grant to individuals.
The reforestation of the country and forest conservation is declared of national interest and collective interest.
Article 341 .- The law may impose restrictions, conditions or prohibitions on the acquisition, transfer, use and enjoyment of the state and municipal property, for reasons of public policy, social interest and national interest. 



Article 342 .- The monetary issue is exclusive state power, exercised through the Central Bank of Honduras.
The banking system, monetary and credit shall be regulated by law.
The State, through the Central Bank of Honduras, will be responsible for formulating and implementing monetary policy, credit and exchange in the country, properly coordinated with planned economic policy.
Article 343 .- The Central Bank of Honduras regulate and approve the granting of loans, discounts, guarantees and other credit transactions, commissions, bonuses or subsidies of any kind in the banking and financial institutions and insurance companies give to their shareholders, directors and
Also regulate and approve the granting of loans, discounts, guarantees and other credit operations where those companies have a majority stake.
Any violation of the provisions of this Article shall be punished according to regulations issued by the Central Bank, without prejudice to the action of civil or criminal liability that would place. 



ARTICLE 344 .- The agrarian reform is an integral process and an instrument of transformation of the country's agrarian structure, designed to replace the large estates and small farms by a system of ownership, possession and use of land to ensure social justice
field and increase production and productivity of the agricultural sector.
Declare the necessity and public utility implementation of agrarian reform.
Article 345 .- The agrarian reform is an essential part of the overall strategy of development of the nation, as other economic and social policies that the Government approved, shall be formulated and implemented in harmony with that, especially having to do
among others, education, housing, employment, infrastructure, marketing and technical assistance and credit.
Agrarian reform will be implemented so as to ensure effective participation of farmers, on an equal footing with other sectors of production, the process of development in economic, social and political development of the nation.
Article 346 .- It is the duty of the State to adopt measures of protection of the rights and interests of indigenous communities in the country, especially land and forests to which they are seated.
Article 347 .- The agricultural production should be geared mainly to meeting the food needs of the Honduran population, within a policy of adequate supply and fair prices for the producer and consumer.
Article 348 .- The land reform plans the National Agrarian Institute and other state decisions on land, be formulated and implemented with the effective participation of organizations of peasants, farmers are legally recognized.
Article 349 .- The taking of property for purposes of agrarian reform and the widening and improvement of stock or any other purpose of national interest determined by law, compensation will be based on appraised value for cash payments and, where appropriate, debt bonds land.
Said bonds shall be compulsory acceptance, shall be of sufficient guarantees from the state and have a nominal, terms of redemption, interest rates and other conditions that determine the Agrarian Reform Law.
Article 350 .- The property expropriated for agrarian reform purposes or for the widening and improvement of stock, are exclusively rural lands and useful and necessary improvements that are attached to them and whose separation MIGHT undermine productive economic unit. 



Article 351 .- The tax system is governed by the principles of legality, proportionality, generality and equality in accordance with the economic capacity of the taxpayer.



Article 352 .- They are the Treasury:
1. All movable and immovable property of the State;
2. All your credit assets, and
3. Its free cash.
Article 353 .- The financial obligations of the State:
1. Legally contracted debts for current expenses or investment caused the implementation of the General Budget of Revenues and Expenditures, and
2. Other debts legally recognized by the state.
Article 354 .- The property tax or property may only be foreclosed or alienated people and in such form and manner prescribed by law.
The state retains the power to establish or amend the demarcation of areas of control and protection of natural resources in the country.
Article 355 .- The administration of public funds for the Executive.
For the perception custody and disbursement of these funds, there will be a general service in cash.
The Executive, however, may delegate to the Central Bank, the collector and depositary functions.
Also, the law may establish special Paymaster services.
Article 356 .- The State only guarantees the payment of the debt, who avail themselves of constitutional governments, in accordance with the Constitution and laws.
Any rule or act that contravenes the provisions of this article, offenders will incur civil liability, criminal and administrative, to be indefeasible.
Article 357 .- The authorization of foreign and domestic debt of central government, decentralized agencies and local governments, including state guarantees and guarantees shall be regulated by law.
Article 358 .- The local government may carry out domestic credit operations under its sole responsibility, but require authorization identified by special laws.
Article 359 .- The taxation, spending and public debt must be proportionate to the gross domestic product, according to the law.
Article 360 .- Contracts for the State to enter into public works, procurement of supplies and services for sale or lease of property shall be performed prior tender, tender or auction in accordance with the law.
With the exception of contracts aimed at providing for the needs caused by a state of emergency and which by its nature can not be held, but individual.



Article 361 .- The State's financial resources:
1. Income received for taxes, fees, contributions, royalties, donations or any other reason;
2. Revenues from state enterprises, joint venture or those in which the State social participation and
3. The extra revenue coming from the public credit or any other source.
Article 362 .- All revenues and tax expenditures are reported in the general budget of the Republic, to be voted annually in line with planned economic policy and annual operational plans approved by the Government.
Article 363 .- All revenue will be an ordinary background only.
You can not create any income for a particular purpose.However, the law may affect the income to service debt and provide that the proceeds of certain taxes and general, be divided between the National Treasury and the municipalities, in proportions and amounts previously mentioned.
The law may also, in accordance with the policy planned to authorize state or mixed enterprises to receive, manage or invest funds from the exercise of their respective economic activities.
Article 364 .- There shall not be made any commitment or payment out of the appropriations in the budget, or in violation of budget rules.
Violators will be responsible in civil, criminal and administrative.
Article 365 .- The Executive, under his responsibility and if the Congress is not in session, you can borrow, destination number of an authorized item or open additional credits to meet urgent or unforeseen needs in case of war, internal commotion or public calamity, or to meet international commitments, all of which will report to Congress detailed in a subsequent legislature.
Proceed in the same way in the case of obligations of the state from strong final statement for the payment of employee benefits, does not occur when starting or this person was dead.
Article 366 .- The budget will be voted by the Legislature with a view to submitting the Project Executive.
Article 367 .- The draft budget will be presented by the Executive to Congress within the first fifteen days of September each year.
Article 368 .- LA Organic Budget Law established concerning the development, production, execution and settlement of the budget. When at the close of a fiscal year has not been voted on the budget for the new year, will remain in effect for the previous period.
Article 369 .- The law shall determine the organization and operation of offices of the General of the Republic.
ARTICLE 370 .- For the control and supervision of state property, movable and immovable, there will be an administration of national property. The law shall determine its organization and operation.
Article 371 .- The preventive control of the implementation of General Budget Revenues and Expenditures of the Republic, will oversee the executive branch, which should in particular:
1. Check the collection and custody monitoring, commitment and expenditure of public funds and
2. Approve any expenditure of public funds, according to the budget.
The law shall establish the procedures and scope of the audit.
Article 372 .- The preventive control of the devolved institutions and municipalities, shall be in accordance with determining the respective laws.



Article 373 .- The amendment of this Constitution may be ordered by Congress, in regular session, with two-thirds vote of all members. The decree states the effect the item or items to be reformed, it must be ratified by the subsequent regular session, an equal number of votes, to take effect.
Article 374 .- not be reformed, in any case, the previous article, this article, constitutional provisions relating to the form of government, the country, the presidential term, the prohibition to be President again The citizen who has served in any capacity and respect those who can not be President of the Republic for the subsequent period.


Article 375 .- This Constitution shall not lose its force or ceases to be fulfilled by an act of force or when he is supposedly repealed or modified by any other means and procedure other than that she herself has. In these cases, citizens or not vested authority, has the duty to cooperate in maintaining or restoring their emotional effect.
Be judged, under the same constitution and the laws issued in accordance with it, those responsible for the facts mentioned in the first part of the above, as well as major government officials to organize subsequently, if they have not helped to restoreImmediately this Constitution and the constituted authorities under it. Congress can declare with absolute majority vote of its members, the seizure of all or part of the assets of those same people and those who have been enriched under impersonation.


Article 376 .- All laws, decrees, laws, decrees, regulations, orders and other provisions are in force with the enactment of this Constitution, continue to be observed as it is not against it, or while not legally repealed or amended.
Article 377 .- The three percent of net revenue budget, excluding loans and donations, which is assigned the judiciary, will be given gradually, in each Period annual budget to complete this percentage.
.- Section 378 is repealed by this Constitution, issued by the National Constituent Assembly on June 3 of 1965.



Article 379 .- This Constitution shall be sworn and solemn public session and shall enter into force on January 20th of 1982.
Given in the Assembly Room of the National Constituent Assembly, in the city of Tegucigalpa, Central distritoo, on the eleventh day of January 1982.

1 comentario:

  1. Wake up Hondurans!!!! they are trying to remove Article 374 from our Constitution.
    What will happened to our land and our people?

    Article 374: not be reformed, in any case, the previous article, this article, constitutional provisions relating to the form of government, the country, the presidential term, the prohibition to be President again The citizen who has served in any capacity and respect those who can not be President of the Republic for the subsequent period.


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